Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey among migrant female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya

Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey among migrant female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya


This IBBS survey provides statistics on HIV and STI prevalence and risk behaviour, including comparative data between Kenyan and migrant female sex workers. It was the first such study among migrant female sex workers in Kenya.

The study aimed to:

  • Establish HIV and STI prevalence among migrant female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Determine HIV and STI knowledge, attitudes, risk behaviour, treatment seeking behaviour, and preferred sources of HIV/STI information.
  • Provide baseline HIV and STI behavioural and biological prevalence estimates to measure trends over time.

Results revealed HIV prevalence similar to other female sex workers in Kenya, but low levels of HIV competence, marginalization from services, young sexual debut, and lack of social support. The study recommends interventions that specifically reach migrant female sex workers to increase knowledge. Services for this population could be integrated into programmes for general female sex workers, with special attention to awareness of post-exposure prophylaxis, regular STI screening/treatment and promotion of knowledge of HIV serostatus. However, special care must be given to language and cultural needs of migrants. Non-medical aspects of care should also be incorporated, including psychosocial support, income generating and livelihood activities, language classes, and legal support.

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Biological and behavioural survey among migrant female sex workers Nairobi Kenya 2010

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