HIV

HIV


There are at least four key ways in which migration is tied to the spread of HIV:

  • Migrants are highly mobile and mobility can encourage high risk sexual behaviour.
  • Mobility can make people more difficult to reach for HIV prevention, treatment, care.
  • Lack of coordinated cross-border referral systems has negative effects for people who move across borders, as well as for sedentary populations with whom they interact.
  • Migrants' multi-local social networks create opportunities for sexual networking.
  • There is a higher rate of HIV infection in “communities of the mobile”, which often include socially, economically and politically marginalized people. This is because mobile populations and migrants may work and reside in spaces of vulnerability, where physical, social and economic conditions may lead to increased risk of acquisition of HIV.

In addition, social, economic and political factors in both the country of origin and destination influence HIV risk for migrants, the partners they leave behind and new partners in their destination. Other factors that contribute to HIV risk amongst migrants include the HIV prevalence in the countries of origin, gender disparities and unequal vulnerabilities amongst girls and young women to HIV, or among migrants in key populations such as sex workers, men having sex with men, people who inject drugs. Learn more: Population mobility and HIV

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Resources

HIV & syphilis among female sex workers in Hargeisa Somaliland 2008

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HIV hotspot mapping & situational analysis Kampala-Juba transport route 2008

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HIV hotspot mapping Somalia 2008

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UNAIDS-IOM statement on HIV-related travel restrictions 2004

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Migrants right to health UNAIDS-IOM 2001

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Population mobility and AIDS UNAIDS-IOM 2001

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HIV knowledge attitudes practices and populations of fisherfolk in Uganda

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Key populations and HIV in South Africa

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