HIV

HIV


There are at least four key ways in which migration is tied to the spread of HIV:

  • Migrants are highly mobile and mobility can encourage high risk sexual behaviour.
  • Mobility can make people more difficult to reach for HIV prevention, treatment, care.
  • Lack of coordinated cross-border referral systems has negative effects for people who move across borders, as well as for sedentary populations with whom they interact.
  • Migrants' multi-local social networks create opportunities for sexual networking.
  • There is a higher rate of HIV infection in “communities of the mobile”, which often include socially, economically and politically marginalized people. This is because mobile populations and migrants may work and reside in spaces of vulnerability, where physical, social and economic conditions may lead to increased risk of acquisition of HIV.

In addition, social, economic and political factors in both the country of origin and destination influence HIV risk for migrants, the partners they leave behind and new partners in their destination. Other factors that contribute to HIV risk amongst migrants include the HIV prevalence in the countries of origin, gender disparities and unequal vulnerabilities amongst girls and young women to HIV, or among migrants in key populations such as sex workers, men having sex with men, people who inject drugs. Learn more: Population mobility and HIV

Projects:



Countries


Resources

Mobility, migration and HIV vulnerability - ports of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden 2011

  Download

HIV hotspot mapping of two transport corridors in Mozambique 2011

  Download

Risks and vulnerabilities to HIV on the Nacala transport corridor Mozambique 2012

  Download

Determinants of HIV in key hotspots on southern transport corridor Mozambique-Swaziland 2012

  Download

HIV knowledge attitudes practices and population size estimates of fisherfolk in Uganda 2013

  Download

Partnership on health & mobility in the mining sector of Southern Africa 2014

  Download

Health vulnerabilities of mobile populations in port of Dar es Salaam Tanzania 2014

  Download

Health vulnerabilities in the ports of Mozambique 2010

  Download

Pages